The first references of the vineyard in the Mondejar zone as a fully identified crop, they are provide in 1581, the recognize “Topographic Relations of Felipe II”, textually stating that “Mondejar es lugar donde se coge mucho pan, ansí en sus términos como en los despoblados: cógese mucho aceite y mucho vino, mui bueno y delicado, y hácense aloques mui escogidos que se lleban á la Corte para gente Ylustre; cógese mucho azafran;” Vineyards planted by families since centuries ago have demonstrated their resilience by surviving the phylloxera plague around 1870, which destroyed much of the Europe’s vineyards. The climatology of our region delayed the presence of the plague in the vineyards.